What Is a Hebrew?
Genetically speaking, "Hebrew" means any descendant of Ever (Eber).
Ever, an ancestor of Abraham, was the great-great-grandson of Noah.
Still, since "the flesh counts for nothing," we define "Hebrew" not physically but spiritually.
Spiritually and behaviorally, 'Hebrew' carries the inherently politically divisive connotations:
- the other side; those who live on the other side
- independent, state-less, not the subjects of any human ruler, foreign to all worldly nations,
- migratory, beyond, "that which is beyond"
- sojourner on the earth, one who is 'passing through', "passer through" (as distinct from a "settler" in the land or 'resident' of the nations),
- descending either behaviorally or genetically from Ever, following the path of Abraham, living according to the separatist (holy) instructions of Abraham's Elohim, YHWH.
After Noah landed, he had a son named Shem, from whom came a man the Bible names Eber. (Ab-ray).
Ever is said to have resisted Nimrod's command to build the Tower of Babel:
In an act of outrageous disloyalty to Nimrod, Eber crossed over from Babylon to the land across the river.
In the wilderness, Ever and his people retained the Hebrew language while back in Babylon the rest of the languages were confused.
The name 'Hebrew' rested on Abraham, whose name comes from that of his Great-Grandaddy Ever.
Abraham and his sons Isaac and Jacob distinguished themselves as men who would migrate away rather than fight over territory.
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob all 'crossed over' from their homeland to new territory rather than fight, even when it meant leaving behind their extended families.
We likewise, are called like Ever to separate from and refrain from participation in the nations of the world.
That's why we are called 'Hebrews.'
Yahshuah, like most of the prophets, maintained this separation from the world.
An enduring 'motto' of the Hebrew Ekklesia, from Genesis to Revelation and Beyond, is:
'Hebrew' originally may have been taken to mean a stateless individual or tribe, which didn't pay taxes or tribute to a ruler as such because the Hebrews lived apart from and totally independent of the rulers of the nations.
Hebrews sometimes lived in villages and raised livestock, seasonally grazing them in drier areas which didn't farm well, a form of subsistence known as transhumance. Principally goats, sheep and cattle. Their beasts of burden were oxen, donkeys and later, camels were introduced from central Asia.
A name applied to the Israelites in Scripture only by one who is a foreigner (Genesis 39:14,17; 41:12, etc.), or by the Israelites when they speak of themselves to foreigners (40:15; Exodus 1:19), or when spoken of an contrasted with other peoples (Genesis 43:32; Exodus 1:3,7,15; Deuteronomy 15:12). In the New Testament there is the same contrast between Hebrews and foreigners (Acts 6:1; Philippians 3:5).
# The name is derived, from Eber (Genesis 10:24), the ancestor of Abraham. The Hebrews are metaphorically or literally "sons of Eber" (10:21).
You can trace the name of a Hebrew root-word signifying "to pass over," and hence regard it as meaning "the man who passed over," viz., the Euphrates;
or to the Hebrew word meaning "the region" or "country beyond," viz., the land of Chaldea.
It is the more probable origin of the designation given to Abraham coming among the Canaanites as a man from beyond the Euphrates (Genesis 14:13).
# A third derivation of the word has been suggested, that it is from the Hebrew word 'Abhar , "To pass over," whence 'Ebher , In the sense of a "sojourner" or "passer through" as distinct from a "settler" in the land, and thus applies to the condition of Abraham (Hebrews 11:13).
Here are some notes related to question of What does the word hebrew mean:
Strong's Bible Concordance:
5677 `Eber ay'-ber the same as 5676; Eber, the name of two patriarchs and four Israelites:--Eber, Heber. see HEBREW for 05676
5676 `eber ay'-ber from 5674; properly, a region across; but used only adverbially (with or without a preposition) on the opposite side (especially of the Jordan; ususally meaning the east):--X against, beyond, by, X from, over, passage, quarter, (other, this) side, straight. see HEBREW for 05674
This word first occurs as given to Abram by the Canaanites, (Genesis 4:13) because he had crossed the Euphrates. The name is also derived from Eber, "beyond, on the other side," Abraham and his posterity being called Hebrews in order to express a distinction between the races east and west of the Euphrates. It may also be derived from Heber , one of the ancestors of Abraham. (Genesis 10:24) The term Israelite was used by the Jews of themselves among themselves; the term Hebrew was the name by which they were known to foreigners
What Is The Meaning Of The Word Hebrew And Where Did It Come From
The Word Hebrew , In Aramic , Is The Word Ibriy Which Comes From The Root Word Abar . Which Means ; '' To Cross Over , To Pass Over ''
In The Aramic / Hebrew Language , In Ashuric / Syriac / Arabic , The Word Aabiyr , For '' Eber '' , Means '' The One Traverses And Ebra Meaning '' To Traverse ; To Expound '' '' Traversing '' As Used In The Person To Whom The Name Was Given Fiest . Was Eber , Son Of Salah , Son Of Shem , Son Of Noah , As Found In Genesis 10; 21
Noah ( 2970 -2020 B.C.E. ) Son Of Lamech And Kamilah Genesis 5; 29 ..
Shem ( 2470 - 1870 B.C.E. ) Son Of Noah And Namah Genesis 5;32
The Name Eber , Also Abar , Ay - Ber And Heber , Means The Region Beyond ''
From This You Get The Derivative Of Eber , Hebrew , To Mean '' One Who Crossed From Beyond One Region To Another '' Or Simply '' To Cross Over '' Genesis 14; 13 And That's Just What Hebrew Means '' To Cross Over ,
Easton's Bible Dictionary
# . The third post-duluvian patriach after Shem (Genesis 10:24; 11:14). He is regarded as the founder of the Hebrew race (10:21; Numbers 24:24). In Luke 3:35 he is called Heber.
# Son of Beriah and grandson of Asher (Genesis 46:17; 1 Chronicles 7:31,32).
Smith's Bible Dictionary:
(the region beyond ).
1. Son of Salah, and great-grandson of Shem. (Genesis 10:24; 1 Chronicles 1:19) (B.C. 2277-1813.)
2. Son of Elpaal and descendant of Sharahaim of the tribe of Benjamin. (1 Chronicles 8:12) (B.C. 1400).
3. A priest in the days of Joiakim the son of Jeshua. (Nehemiah 12:20) (B.C. 445.)
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
e'-ber (`ebher; Eber, in Gen; Obed, in Ch):
(1) Occurs in the genealogies (Genesis 10:21,25; 11:14) as the great-grandson of Shem and father of Peleg and Joktan. The word means "the other side," "across," and the form "Hebrew," which is derived from it, is intended to denote the people or tribe who came "from the other, side of the river" (i.e. the Euphrates), from Haran (Genesis 11:31), whence Abraham and his dependents migrated to Canaan.
(2) A Gadite (1 Chronicles 5:13).
(3) & (4) Two Benjamites (1 Chronicles 8:12,22).
(5) The head of a priestly family (Nehemiah 12:20).
Abram was stateless (contrast "Amre" who is called "the Amorite")
When You Look Up The Root Of The Word Hebrew, You Get The Phoenician Or Canaanite Tongue , Aramic Hebrew Word Eber .
Which Is Pronounced Ay - ber , And Means '' The Region Beyond ''
The Word Hebrew Appears For The First Time In The Bible In Genesis 14;13 In Reference To Abram Or Abraham.
The Name '' Ha ' Ibri '' Means '' The Hebrew ''; In It's Singular Form It Would Be A Wanderer
In practice, the name "Eber" is most often associated as the root of the word " Hebrew", but others also associate the name with region beyond or across, opposite side, passage, or simply beyond.
In Jewish tradition, Eber, the great-grandson of Shem, refused to help with the building of the Tower of Babel, so his language was not confused when it fell. He and his family alone retained the original human language, called lingua humana in Latin or Gortighern. After this, the language was called Hebrew, named after Eber. (There are different religious positions on this issue; see also Adamic language.)
Encyclopedia > Hebrew
The word "Hebrew" most likely means "to cross over", referring to the Semitic people crossing over the Euphrates River. Hebrew can variously refer to: Semitic is a linguistic term referring to a subdivision of largely Middle Eastern Afro-Asiatic languages, the Semitic languages, as well as their speakers corresponding cultures, and ethnicities. ... The Euphrates (the traditional Greek name for the river, which is in Old Persian Ufrat, Aramaic PrÃ¢th/Frot, in Arabic Ø§Ù„ÙØ±Ø§Øª, in Turkish FÄ±rat and in ancient Assyrian language Pu-rat-tu) is the westernmost of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia (Bethnahrin in Aramaic), the other being the...
* Any descendant of Eber, the great great grandson of Noah of whom Abraham was also an ancestor...
The Jewish people are referred to by many names including Semites, Hebrews, Israelites, and Jews. As noted above, a Hebrew is technically a person descended from Eber, the great great grandson of Noah, whereas a Semite is any person descended from Shem, the son of Noah. Therefore, a Hebrew is also a Semite but a Semite is not necessarily a Hebrew. The same is true of the terms "Israelite" and "Jew". All of these are Hebrews, although Hebrews are not necessarily any of these.
Hebrews (syns. Heberites, Eberites, Hebreians, descendants of biblical Patriarch Eber; , Standard Hebrew Ivrim, Tiberian Hebrew IrÃ®m; also Standard Hebrew Ivriyyim, Tiberian Hebrew I'riyyÃ®m) were who lived in Syria, Palestine, and Canaan and as far as present day Egypt and Kuwait in the 2nd millennium BCE. In the Levant, Hebrews spoke a Canaanite dialect (see Hebrew language). Interestingly some Habiru names listed on the Tikunani Prism are Hurrian, while other names associated with the Habiru have HittiteHittite can refer to either The ancient Anatolian people called the Hittites; or The Hittite language, an ancient Indo-European language they spoke. or AmoriteAmorite ( Hebrew emor Egyptian Amar Akkadian Amurru (corresponding to Sumerian MAR. TU or Martu refers to a Semitic people who occupied the middle Euphrates area from the second half of the third millennium BC and also appear in the Tanakh. The People Fro ...
. Most Hebrews were likely a branch of Canaanites that clung to the older religious preferences of El at the head of the pantheon, rather than his son, Adad.
From textual evidence largely from the AmarnaAmarna (commonly known as el-Amarna is the name given to an extensive archaeological site that represents the remains of the capital city built by the Pharaoh Akhenaten of the late Eighteenth Dynasty (c. The name for the city used by the ancient Egyptians letters and the MariThis article is about a Volga-Finnic people. See also Mari, Syria, Anbotoko Mari and Mari, Greece, a village in Laconia. The Mari (also known as Cheremis in Russian and irmes in Tatar) are a Volga-Finnic people in the Volga area, the natives of Mari El, R documents, academic scholars now believe the term we know as Hebrew originally meant a stateless individual or tribe, which didn't pay taxes or tribute to a ruler as such. Many Hebrews were originally Canaanites, Amorites, Hittites, HurriansThe Hurrians were a people of the Ancient Near East, who apparently entered Mesopotamia from the north before 2500 BC and established themselves as rulers of small kingdoms in northern Mesopotamia and Syria. The largest and most influential Hurrian nation and Luwians who gradually distinguished themselves based upon a religious difference, most notably the religion started by Moses (see below), and later by adopting Mesopotamian themes through Amorite mythology like the specific biblical version of the story of Noah, derived originally from the Sumerian story of Ziusudra, the ark, and the deluge unleashed by the angry, jealous god Enlil (Babylonian Ellil), who was thwarted by the wise god Enki (Babylonian EA). El (Babylonian Ellil) and Elohim (Shining Ones), were both words the Hebrews inherited from West Semitic.
Hebrews lived in villages and raised livestock, seasonally grazing them in drier areas which didn't farm well, a form of subsistence known as transhumance. Principally goats, sheep and cattle. Their main beasts of burden were oxen, donkeys and around the time of the Iron-Bronze age transition, camels were introduced from central Asia.
The most influential group of Hebrews to emerge from the 12th century BCE Hebrew migrations were from a group which had long settled in Egypt and were known as Israel. Besides the Jews, other Hebrew peoples include the Edomites, Midianites, Arameans and Joktanites.
Certain Christian groups sometimes use the term Hebrews to distinguish the Jews in ancient times that lived before the birth of Jesus from Jews that lived afterward. Though important in some Christian theologies, the distinction is not recognized by the Jews.
1 See also
* Bnai israel
* Documentary hypothesis
* Lost Tribes of Israel
* Salvini, (Mirjo) 1996. The Habiru prism of King Tunip-TeÃŸÃŸup of Tikunani. Rome BooksEnthsiast.com
3 External links
The use of "Eber" as a "nomen appellativum" is common; it denotes originally "that which is beyond." This explains the fact that, in the genealogy of the Semites, Abraham and, especially, Israel are called descendants of "Eber"; for if "Eber" had been originally the name of a person, it would be strange that Abraham should have been so closely linked with him, since Eber was not his immediate ancestor, but one six times removed. It is because "Eber" was originally the name of a region that it took so important a place in the genealogical tree.
Hebrew is an Afro-Asiatic Semitic language spoken by the Jewish people. It is one of the oldest living languages in the world and more than 7 million people speak Hebrew. The Bible was written in Hebrew.
In the Scriptures, the name Hebrew applied to the Israelites only by a person who is a foreigner or by the Israelites when they speak of themselves to an outsider.
As far as meaning and origin of the word 'Hebrew' is concerned, three different views are observed.
According to some people, the name is derived from Eber, who was the ancestor of Abraham. Hebrews are the sons of Eber.
Another group relates the word to a Hebrew root-word meaning 'the man who passed over.' And hence it is regarded as 'the man who passed over the Euphrates'.
A third derivation of the word is that it came from the word 'abhar', meaning 'to pass over' or 'passer through' in contrast to a person who is a settler in the land.
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